Centered Movement

Aikido is about moving and being Centered. You will hear a lot about this, but some basic ideas will help you understand this key Aikido concept. There are two basic aspects of centering practices, emptying out and filling up. Emptying out is the process of letting go of rigid patterns. Filling up is the process of enlivening the mindbody with relaxed strength. Emptying out is releasing energy blocks, and filling up is energy extension.

The basic stance in Aikido is "hanmi" the half-body or T-stance. The principles of centered movement can be described in terms of this particular posture. However, being centered really refers to the quality or feel of movement rather than to superficial physical position. Though you will not always be in the basic stance position, you should discover its meaning and maintain its feel. The basic Aikido posture includes the following:

Head erect. Eyes level and vision expanded. Back vertical.

Shoulders relaxed and even. Belly relaxed. Hips even.

Arms in an open curve. Hands and fingers open. Knees not locked.

Feet in hanmi in full contact with the floor and with equal weight on each.

Power comes from the legs and hips and is channeled through the spinal column to the arms and hands.

Every part of the body is equally involved in every movement. Alert and relaxed awareness of yourself and your surroundings.

The energy qualities of Aikido are called "Center" and can be described in terms of a balance and unification of all qualities.

OVERLY SOFT

CENTERED

OVERLY HARD

limp weak fearful indecisive submissive spaced out sloppy leaden dull relaxed/firm loving/powerful careful/determined flexible/resolute following/leading all-embracing/focused calm/alert casual/precise rooted/light brutal angry fixated domineering clutching keyed up stiff rigid flighty

BASIC AIKIDO MOVEMENTS: TE-SABAKI - FIVE BASIC HANDWORK PATTERNS 1. ELEMENTS OF TE-SABAKI

  1. Relaxed neck and shoulders b. Open the hands and extend fingers as if holding a large ball with both hands c. The natural curve of arms is maintained during movement d. Move up from the thumb and down from the little finger e. Get off the Line of Attack
  2. THE FIVE BASIC HANDWORK PATTERNS (TE-GATANA NO SOSA)

In Aikido, the hand is often referred to as the "hand blade" (literally the "hand sword"). We hold our fingers open and extended so that the heel of the palm and bottom of the arm are elongated while the top of the arm remains relatively relaxed. In this manner the natural curve of the arm resembles the shape of the Japanese sword, katana. Sometimes the basic Te-sabaki are referred to as the Te-gatana no sosa, or "the use of the hand-blade".

Aikido Basic StanceAikido Basic
Courtesy of Larry Bieri

BASIC AIKIDO FOOTWORK: ASHI-SABAKI (Five basic movements)

Three types of footwork: Enter / Irimi Turn / Tenkan Pivot / Tenkai

  1. ELEMENTS OF IRIMI (ENTERING) Irimi-Isshoku (One-step entry)
  2. Triangular stance b. Each type is performed as one step.
  3. Enter to the blind spot, shikaku.
  4. Both feet must move during each step!
  5. Get off the line of attack.

Note: The principle of Irimi-Isshoku implies that you must reach the blind spot behind your partner in a single motion. In these diagrams, foot movements are numbered; 1, 2, 3 However, each type of stepping illustrated is nonetheless a single step. For example, ayumi-ashi is considered one step wherein both feet move. This principle is important for getting off the line of attack.

Three Ways to Perform Irimi

1a. Tsugi-ashi 1b. Ayumi-ashi

(Shuffle Step (Walking Step Entry) Entry)

Irimi Pivot

1c. Okuri-ashi

(Transport Step Entry -three ways)

2. ELEMENTS OFTENKAN (TURNING)

Enten no Ri Principle of Spherical Rotation a. Fixed center b. Revolving radius c. Centripetal & centrifugal forces d. Get off the Line of Attack e. Complete body change (tai-no-henko)

Tenkan Tenkai

3. ELEMENTS OF TENKAI (PIVOTING)

Enten no Ri

(Principle of Spherical Rotation)

a. Revolving center b. Triangular stance c. Pivot on balls of feet d. As usual, get off the

Line of Attack e. Complete body change (tai-no-henko)

Courtesy of Larry Bieri

Ancient Philosophy Of Aikido

Ancient Philosophy Of Aikido

Find Out the Broad Array of Aikido Styles, Understanding And Importance! Prepare Tough But Prepare Smart. How will you arrive at your objective of polishing superior Aikido skills? This e-book and audio is a total martial arts guide and will not bore you with the traditional standards and thoughts like other e-books do. We ensure you that this e-book is laden with rare information that will kick start your Aikido training regime in the correct manner and transform your life evermore!

Get My Free Ebook


Responses

  • benvenuto
    How to do tenkan movement?
    4 years ago

Post a comment