Grappling Products Catalog
Judo as a martial art came into existence in 1882 being derived from the much older techniques of attack and defence called ju-jitsu. Before the advent of judo or more properly Kodokan Judo there existed some twenty independent ju-jitsu schools. A young Japanese man Jigoro Kano, wanting to be able to handle some bigger bullying companions, decided to join one of the ju-jitsu schools. He studied the techniques of various schools for several years. Finally in 1882 he established his own which he called the Kodokan and instead of using the word ju-jitsu used judo instead. One of the reasons for choosing a different name for his school was that with the ordinance of 1871 forbidding Samurai to carry swords the martial arts fell into decline and then disrepute. Some ju-jitsu experts of Kano's time were rogues and bullies and ju-jitsu acquired a low reputation. Kano, not wishing to inherit this, began his school with a new name. Kodokan judo was not just a rehash of ju-jitsu techniques. Kano...
James Williams is the President of Bugei Trading Company, Inc. He has been studying martial arts since 1960 and teaching since 1975. James has trained, competed in, and taught a number of different martial disciplines Japanese, Okinawan, Chinese, Philippino, as well as the Brazilian system of Jujitsu as taught by Rorion and Royce Gracie. His experience includes western wrestling, which he also coached, as well as boxing and kickboxing. His love of samurai martial traditions came with his study of the Yanagi ryu of the Yoshida-ha under Don Angier Sensei and the martial traditions of the Kuroda-ha as taught by Kuroda Tetsuzan Sensei.
Morihei Ueshiba (pronounced Moh-lee -hay Oo-way-she-bah) was the creator of Aikido. To his followers today, Ueshiba is known as O'Sensei, which means Great Teacher . O'Sensei was born in 1883 and died in 1969, so Aikido is one of the modern martial arts. Master Ueshiba began his studies of the martial arts shortly before 1900. He studied a number of styles of jujitsu, spear work and sword work, and was deeply influenced by the Shinto religion and the Omoto Kyo sect. In 1911 he encountered Sokaku Takeda, a master of Daito ryu Aiki-Jujitsu, and studied this form of grappling art with him for five years. Aiki-jujitsu formed the basis of O'Sensei's art of Aikido. He added techniques and movement principles that he had learned from his other practices and worked at refining his art. However, as he developed his art, O'Sensei began to feel that there was something lacking in his understanding of budo ( bu + martial, do path,
Brazilian Jujutsu (frequently abbreviated to BJJ) is a relatively modern form developed from judo and traditional Japanese jujitsu styles by the family of Brazilian landowner Carlos Gracie in the early 20th century. Over the years, the style was refined through repeated challenge matches against boxers and other martial artists. Techniques were modified to reflect the combat realities of street fights in Brazil.
Special Attacks Crush Squeeze, Body Flip Throw, Body Block Tackle, Neck Hold Choke, Choke, Head-Butt (Slams forehead into the opponent's face, preferably the nose. Inflicts 1D4 damage + bonus, and has a damage x5 chance to stun the opponent into losing one action and initiative), Hip Punch (Must be in Grappling range. The wrestler delivers a powerful punch to the opponent's hip. This attack requires a Natural 11 or better to hit, and uses two actions. If it is successful, the damage is 1D6 + bonus, and a damage x2 chance that the victim will suffer a penalty of -1 Attack per Melee and -10 Spd. for 1D4 days. Additional hits can reduce Spd. by -10 each, and each additional three hit reduce Attacks per Melee by -1. If the victim's Spd. is reduced to 0, the hip is broken) Special Big People Attacks Knee Punch ( This is identical to the Hip Punch described above, but the chance of reducing the victim's abilities is damage x3 ), Groin Punch ( This is pretty much a hit
There are as many different schools of karate today as there were of judo and kendo in the old days of 'ju-jitsu' and 'ken-jitsu'. Generally speaking, the various schools or subsidiary schools are named after the pioneers or experts who founded them. Not only in karate, but in all the martial arts, each individual has his own idea of what is essential and his style will conform to it. It doesn't of course follow that each individual is qualified to found a 'school'.
In many cases, people modified the arts in ways which made them more satisfactory for use as sports. The main change here was that a match came to mean the artificial situation of a sport contest as opposed to the real, life-and-death situation of warfare. Naturally, each of the arts developed differently from the others. Some arts focused on sport techniques, some on combatively functional techniques and some on the use of combat practice as a spiritual path. In general, practitioners of any given art will tend to pay great attention to one of the three uses of the art and pay less attention to the other two. At the present time, there are in existence representatives of the original purely combative arts (e.g. Jujitsu or Kenjitsu) as well as many newer arts devoted to self-understanding, sport (Judo or Kendo) and combat.
Dissuasion range, or conversation range usually allows only 8-12 inches between you and your potential opponent. If this is mismanaged it rapidly degenerates into vertical grappling range and then ground fighting - not a good place to be if you don't know the arena or are facing more than one opponent. Whilst conversation distance is not the chosen range of the majority -most people feel safer at about 4 or 5 feet - it can be maintained so that it does not degenerate further into grappling range by 'putting a fence around your factory'.
In medieval China Chun Xin or Noble Heart Kung Fu was very common among the aristocracy. Many young noblemen learned this martial art, because it was simple and easy to learn, yet very broad in it's scope. Chun Xin achieves this by taking shortcuts. While it teaches empty handed moves, weapons, a few grappling moves, and a little of just about everything else, it teaches nothing well. The moves are pretty, but often lack the finesse or power than many other arts have.
Gladiators, cyborgs, headhunters, and mercenaries are the most common practitioners of this combat style. Obviously, it is the skill of boxing rounded out to include a wider range of punches for a better attack capability. It doesn't have the versatility of Expert, the kick attacks of Martial Arts, or the grappling skills of Wrestling. However, a skilled boxer can quickly batter single opponents to the point where those shortcomings aren't even relevant. The defense ability of this combat style is unmatched in American combat styles.
Bartitsu is the creation of William Barton-Wright, an English engineer whose travels around the world fueled his interest in the arts of self defense. Barton-Wright was born in India, educated in Germany and France and travelled to Spain Portugal, Egypt, and Japan as part of his occupation. In 1899 upon his return to England he began combining Savate, Boxing, Wrestling, Fencing, and Jujutsu in new ways and formulated them into a method of self defense that he called Bartitsu. Bartitsu became a small fad for a number of years, even the legendary Sherlock Holmes was said to have studied it, but unfortunately it died out. Ironicly, the Bartitisu fad was replaced with a Jujutsu boom the was led by the two Japanese Jujutsu teachers that William Barton-Wright had brought to England to help popularize his new art. Bartitsu uses the footwork and kicks of Savate to deal with attackers at long range. Moves into the footwork and punches of Boxing for combat range confrontations. Finally using...