Ukifune

Uke delivers a punch to tor s stomach with his right fist. Tori steps out on his left leg while hitting tike's wrist with his right hand-sword and uke s elbow with his left hand-sword. With his left hand, he takes hold of uke s right wrist. Tori sweeps his right teg around to the back and applies fliem with his right elbow to uke s back. Tori brings his right leg back to its original position and with the back of his right fist hits uke tn the face. He then drags the fist down to the inside of...

Tsukiuke ogurumanage

Uke delivers a thrust to tori s stomach with his right fist. Tori slides back slightly to avoid the attack and grabs wfce's attacking arm slightly above the wrist. Tori raises wfce's arm, slides his right hand between the elbow and wrist in the oguruma lock, then takes a step in with his right leg and cuts downward with his hands to effect the throw. http www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

Ryderidori ryu no agito

Uke grabs tori's collar with both hands and applies a choke hold. Tori uses his left hand-sword to counter the choke hold by pushing ukes left elbow to the side, and then thrusts the heel of his right palm against ukes chin. Tori slides forward on his front leg and pushes uke back with a straight arm to the chin. http www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only. Uke grabs foris right wrist with his right hand and applies a choke hold to toris neck from behind with his left hand. Tori raises his...

Kusanagi

Uke delivers a yokomen strike to iorfs neck. Tori steps out with his right leg and blocks the strike with his left hand-sword while applying atemi to ukis neck. Tori then grabs uke s right wrist at the pulse with his right hand, steps in with his left leg, and pivots 180 degrees. Tori grabs uke's right wrist with both hands, and then pulls uke's wrist straight down to bring uke to the ground. Tori then applies pressure with his big toe to the pressure point inside uke's knee, and completes the...

Konohaotoshi in

Uke attempts to grab ton's right hand with his own right hand. Tort immediately spreads his fingers and places his right palm against uke's right palm, directing the attacking force up and then downward. Tori then takes a step forward with his right http www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

Jogatame

Uke makes a thrust with the jo, Tori steps with his right leg to the inside of the attack, grabs the jo with his left hand, then takes uke1 s right wrist and applies a yonka-jo lock. Tori then steps in with his left leg, places the jo against uke's right elbow, and applies pressure to bring uke to the ground. Tori steps on the jo to complete the technique. http www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

Jodori fu tarinage

Two uke hold the jo four-foot staff , one gripping it at either end, Tori grips the center of the o with his right hand. He pulls down slightly 011 it, then pulls it sharply up and then down with a sweeping motion. Tori places his right knee on the jo and drives it down toward the legs of both uke, knocking them off balance. He then pulls up on the jo and throws uke backward.

Ha ngets ukuzushi

But before he can, tori grabs uke's left wrist with his left hand and uke's right wrist from above with his right hand. Tori then steps in with his left leg and turns 180 degrees. Tori extends his right arm fully and pins uke's left arm under his chin. Tr HH gt JtN kOO'-MH- AiK LX gt Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Software http www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only. Uke delivers a shomen strike to iorfs head with his right hand-sword. Tori steps in...

Gonindori

Five iifeepin tori to the ground by his four limbs and his collar. Tori turns his knees inward, to pin the wrists of the two holding his ankles in nika-jd locks, while raising his head and applying nika-jd to the wrists of the two uke holding his arms, and then crossing the arms of those uke one over the other beneath the arms of the uke who is grasping his collar. Tori then slides out from the pin.

Futaridori

Uke 1 grabs tons left hand with both his hands while uke 2 grabs ion's right hand with both hands. Tori grabs the right wrist of each uke, puts his left leg out diagonally, and then pivots 180 degrees to the right. Tori crosses the arms of the uke, one over the other, and puUs both uke to the ground, then pins their arms with his right knee to complete the technique. Uke 1 comes in from the left and grips tort's left hand with his right hand. Uke 2 comes in from the right and takes tori's right...

Fukuto

Tori raises both arms in aiki-age and then suddenly thrusts them apart, forcing uke's head down. Tori then pins uke's head between his knees and pulls uke's arms up to effect the pin. http www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only. http www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only. Uke grabs fen's left wrist with his right hand. Uke applies a nika-jo lock to uke's right hand. When uke loosens his grip on torts right wrist, tori pulls tike's right hand downward while also...

Fuji

Uke delivers a shomen strike with his right hand-sword. Tori raises his arms in aiki-age and applies the fukaku principle blocking ukes attacking arm at the wrfst and elbow while taking a big step in with his front leg and cutting straight downward. Tori then secures uke s right arm against his right knee, grabs wire's left arm with his left hand and pulls it over ukes head, and finally applies pressure with his right hand-sword to effect the pin.

Ayatedori tenbin

Uke grabs tori's right wrist with his right hand. Tori steps diagonally to the right and then forward with his left leg, while raising uke's wrist and placing his shoulder under uke s eibow. Tori cuts down with his right hand and raises his shoulder to immobilize uke http www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only. Uke grabs tori's wrists from behind. Tori turns his hips to the right, raises his hands in aiki-age, slips under uke s arms, and grabs uke1 s left elbow with his right hand. Tori cuts...

Countering Kotegaeshi with Ikkajo

Tori delivers a punch to tike's stomach with his right fist. Uke steps in on his left leg and grips tori's right wrist with his left hand. Tori slides his right leg back and brings his right elbow into uke's back. Uke brings his legs back to their original position and, while gripping ton's wrist, lays his right arm along torfs left arm. He attempts to tourn ton s wrist inward and pull him down, but tori makes his right hand lightly into a fist and rotates his fist around to the right this...

Atzan

Uke grabs ton s left collar with his right hand. Tori grabs uke s right wrist at the pulse with his right hand, slides out to the left with his front foot, and then pivots clockwise 180 degrees. Tori then cuts down in front of his own center to bring uke to the ground and presses down on fee's right side with his knee. He then places his left knee on uke's right elbow and his right knee on ukes trunk. When the pin is completed, he releases both his hands. http www.foxitsoftware.com For...

Advanced Techniques Kaeshiwaza

V AESHl-WAZA are reversal techniques employed to counter an attempted throw or pin. Even without actually learning kaeshi-waza, most practition--X X. ers can sense when an opponent is being sloppy in a technique, making it easy to escape. Beginners are sometimes tempted to concentrate only on kaeshi-waza, imagining that such techniques will enable them to free themselves from any hold or pin. However, placing too great an emphasis on kaeshi-waza can actually impede learners' progress. Instead,...

Tukiuke gyakuhijinage

Uke delivers a punch to ton s stomach with his right list, ion slides forward on his front foot to avoid the attack, catches tike's arm, and positions his left elbow under uke s elbow. Tori sweeps around with his right leg and pushes down on uke's arm to http www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

Tsutakazura

Uke delivers a kick to torfs stomach with his right leg. Tori steps out on his right leg to uke s right side and catches the attacking leg from below with a counterclockwise motion of his right hand-sword. Tori then pins uke's leg against his right shoulder, holds uke's right elbow with his left hand, and takes a large step in with his right leg to bring wire down to the ground. Tori swings his left leg in over uke's right leg, plants his foot firmly on the ground, and uses his arms to twist...

Tachidori shihonage

Uke delivers a kesa-giri diagonal strike across the body cut with a sword. Tori steps in with his right leg and delivers atemi to uke's ncck with his right hand while taking hold of the sword's grip with his left. Tori then steps in with his left leg and applies shiho-nage, being careful to keep the sword centered directly in front of him. While executing the throw, tori disarms uke and then holds him at bay.

Yonindori

Four uke hold tori by both arms, and by his front and back collars. Tori raises both arms as if he was raising a pair of swords. Tori then steps forward on his right leg, twists his hips, and takes a sweeping step with his left leg, knocking the uke behind him to the ground. Tori pins the fallen uke's arm with his right arm and continues to twist his hips, bringing the other three uke to the ground on top of the fallen uke- http www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

Other Techniques

There ark four ways to pin an attacker pressing against the bones, twisting the muscles and joints, pinching the skin, and grabbing the hair. Attacks directed toward the skin and hair can be countered comparatively easily, and thus the techniques for dealing with such attacks have traditionally been kept secret in the Daitoryu. However, this section will introduce several such techniques, and conclude with instructions for dealing with an tike who is armed with a sword or with a jo four-foot...

Countering Shihonage with Ikkajo

Tori falls first, of his own accord, and spins out of the attempted pin. He hooks the middle finger and ring finger of his right hand around the edge of ukes right hand in the movement known as iWfliiAtt no maku kuden and pulls uke down. Tori rises upon his right knee, and rests ukes right wrist on that knee, while pressing on uke's right elbow with his left hand. The pin is completed with a twist of uke's wrist. http www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only. This motion takes its name from...

Kaedeawase

Uke grabs toris right wrist with his right hand. Tori applies aiki-age and cuts downward, bringing uke to the ground. Tori rotates his right hand, positioning it palm-topalm with uke's hand, and then presses down and a bit forward on uke's arm to effect the pin. http www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

Ushirodori hitoe

Ukegrabs tons wrists from behind Tori twists his hips to the right, holds uke's left hand against his hip, and raises his right arm in aiki-age. Tori takes a large step back on his right leg, grabs uke's right wrist, and brings uke's arm back over uke's head. Uke is pinned over tori's right leg, and the technique is completed with an atemi to uke's solar plexus.

Iriminage

Uke attempts a shomen blow to tori's head. Tori steps in with his left leg, receives the blow with his right hand-sword and then sweeps around to uke's right as shown. Tori raises his right hand and cradles uke's head in both his arms while pressing on the dokko pressure point on uke's neck dekko den . Tori then steps forward on his right leg while bringing his right arm downward toward the ground to effect the throw. In the execution of irimi-nage it is important to control your opponent's...

Tach ido ri n ika jo

With his right hand, uke grabs tarfs right wrist, attempting to prevent tori from drawing his sword. Tori twists his hips slightly to the right and raises the sword above uke's wrist, then applies the tiika-jo lock to u ce's wrist, using his hands and the sword grip to apply pressure. http www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only. Uke grabs ion s right wrist with his right hand, attempting to prevent fori drawing his sword. Tori twists his hips slightly to the right, breaks uke's hold, and...

Tsukiuke ryu no agito

Uke delivers a thrust to torts stomach with his right fist. Tori slides forward on his front leg to avoid the attack and rotates his right arm counterclockwise beneath uke's right arm. Tori then thrusts toward uke's chin with his right hand, takes a wide step in with his right leg, and pushes downward to effect the throw. http www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

Hachiwari

Standing diagonally to forfs right, uke delivers a strike to the head with his right hand-sword. Tori slides in diagonally with his right foot, grabs uke's wrist with his right hand and uke's elbow with his left hand, and pushes uke back and down. Tori then slides his left arm under uke's right arm and delivers atemi to uke's neck with his right hand-sword. Next, tori presses firmly down on uke's neck with his right hand and slides his left arm in to pin both of uke's arms, as shown. Uke...

Katadori oni no kubi

Uke grabs ton s right shoulder with his left hand. Ton'slides his right arm under uke's arm and presses down on uke s elbow joint in a circular motion with his right handsword. Tori turns his outstretched hand so that the palm is facing downward, brings his right hand-sword down into the crook of uke's elbow, and then pulls his own arms in tightly to his sides. Tori holds uke's hands firmly and twists, to bring uke head downward. Tori then places his right hand under uke's chin, and left hand...

Kami no kedori shihonage

Uke grabs toris hair from behind with his right hand. Tori grabs wire's hand with both his hands, turns to the left, and applies pressure to uke s wrist, causing him to float on his toes. Tori then turns to the right, steps in with his left leg, spins 180 degrees, and applies the shiho-nage technique. http www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

Sannindori

Uke 1 grabs tori's right arm, uke 2 grabs torts left arm, and uke 3 grabs ion's collar. Tori raises both arms in aiki-age, applies the yonka-jd lock to the two uke holding his arms, and turns uke I to the right by raising that tike s right arm over his head. Tori crosses ail of their arms together and cuts downward diagonally to bring all three to the ground. Tori then pins their arms with his right knee to complete the technique. http www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

Countering Iriminage with Ashisarai

Tori delivers a shdmen strike with his right hand-sword. Uke moves to tori's right, and blocks fan's right hand-sword with his own right hand-sword. Uke then steps out onto his left leg. Uke pulls tori s head to uke's chest and draws his right leg backward and to the left, and brings down his right hand-sword, weakening ton's power. Uke brings his right leg to the left of and behind tori, and at the same time turns his hand over so that it is facing downward, and sweeps it down, attempting to...

Countering Iriminage with Shihonage

Irimi Nage Self Defence Jpg

Tori delivers a shomen strike with his right hand-sword, like steps in with his left foot and attempts to perform the irimi-nage entering throw technique. Tori follows the flow of uke s right hand, ducks his head, grabs uke's right wrist with both his hands, steps in with his left leg, turns 180 degrees, and performs the shiho-nage four-direction throw technique.

Kotegaeshi

Kote Gaeshi

Uke thrusts toward tori's stomach with his right fist. Tori slides forward on his left leg, grips nfce'sarm lightly with both his hands, and applies pressure to uke's elbow with his hips. The hold on uke's hand is based on the fishhook principle, and tori's left thumb presses on the pressure point near uke's ring finger. Tori sweeps around with his right foot, delivering atemi to uke's back with his elbow. Tori then steps forward on his right leg, swivels his hips, and applies the kote-gaeshi...

Kairi

Uke delivers a punch to torts stomach with his right fist. Tori moves around to ukes right side, applies a kote-gaeshi hold on uke's right wrist, and then pivots 180 degrees. Tori grabs uke's left forearm and pulfs it forward. Holding both of ukes wrists, tori drops to the ground, bringing uke with him. Tori completes the pin by holding ukes arms between his knees.

Kamakubigatame

Uke delivers a shomen strike with his right hand-sword. Tori steps out on his left leg and blocks tike's attack with both hands. Tori then grabs uke's wrist with his right hand and uke's elbows with his left hand, moves around to uke's right side, and rotates uke's arm down to chest level. Next, tori takes hold of uke's right hand from underneath with his left hand and pins uke's elbow against his chest to complete the technique. http www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

Basic Training Methods Using Specific Techniques

Aikido Techniques Step Step

Every martial art system stresses the development of arm and elbow power and strong finishing movements. In the Daitoryu, stability of the hips and legs and good posture is also very important In medieval times, many battles were conducted on horseback and a high-ranking warrior needed to be able to use both hands and legs equally well in order to control a horse and wield a weapon simultaneously. The samurai of the Aizu domain were said to be especially good at incorporating the movements of...

Historical Development of the Tradition

Shinra Saburo Yoshimitsu

THE DAITORYU is believed to have originated within the family of Emperor Seiwa reigned a.d. 858876 and to have been greatly developed by one of the emperor's descendants, Shinra Saburo Minamoto no Yoshimitsu, in the eleventh century. Through his careful study of human anatomy he made a point of visiting battlefields and execution grounds to examine and dissect the bodies of war dead and executed criminals Yoshimitsu determined which were the most effective strikes, blows, holds, joint locks,...

Standing and Seated Forms

IN THE PRACTrCF, OF A TECHNIQUE, the action revolves around an uke the person who initiates an attack and then receives the response and a fori the one who takes action against an attack and then neutralizes it , A technique can be practiced in any of three different forms with both partners standing with one partner seated and one partner standing or with both sitting. The same technique is executed differently in each of the three forms, and it is good to practice a three forms for each...

Ikkajo

Koichi Tohei Breathing

Uke delivers a strike with his right hand to tort's head. Tori rises up in the fire-dragon motion aiki-age , blocks the attack, grabs uke s arm at the wrist and elbow, and drives the arm back toward ukes head. In this last movement, called fukaku den, each technique must emanate from a straight and centered line, similar to a plumb line in construction. Tori advances first on his left knee and then slightly on his right knee to bring uke facedown to the ground. Uke is pinned at the elbow with...

Sankajo

Aikido Wrist Lock

Tori delivers a blow to uke's head, forcing uke to block it with his right hand. Tori grabs uke fingers and pulls downward toward the mat Tori then brings wfee's arm back up in front of his own face, as if he were taking a sip from a glass this movement is called guinomi kuden gt Next, tori switches hands so that he is holding fee's right hand in his own left hand, as lightly as if he were holding a fishing rod tsurizao kuden, or fishing pole lock . Tori brings fee down to the ground and...

Karamigatame

Like grabs tori's right shoulder with in., a lumu una . . , ike to the head with his right hand. Tori blocks the strike with his right hand-sword and then uts down and grabs ukes right hand. Tori grabs uke's left hand just above the wrist and twists. Tori then grabs uke's right wrist, swivels his hips, applies a cross-lock to uke's arms and brings him to the ground, completing the pin as shown.

The Spirit of Aiki

Aiki Age Aiki Sage

AIKI the art of negating an opponent's strength, can be demonstrated in many different ways, with varying degrees of accuracy. However, total understanding of all its subtle dimensions is rare, since aiki has complex spiritual, physiological, and physical dimensions. The spiritual dimension of aiki involves a number of factors power of suggestion, psychology, and susceptibility. For example, it may be possible to execute a technique in a certain dojo training hall because its practitioners are...

Gyakuhijinage

Uke delivers a yokomen blow with his right hand-sword to tori's head. Tori moves in the same manner as in the shiho-nage techniques, first countering the attack in the aiki two-sword style, and then applying a pulse hold to uke's right wrist. Tori places his elbow under uke's elbow, keeping the palm of his hand facing upward. He fhen steps forward on his left foot to complete the throw and at that time turns his hand over so that the palm faces down this movement of tori's hand is an example of...

Shihonage

Aikido Throw

Uke attempts a yokomen strike to tori's head with his right hand. Tori slides forward on his left leg, then takes a wide step forward on his right leg. Then tori simultaneously blocks uke's attack and delivers a counter-blow to uke's neck, in the aiki two-sword style. Next, tori shifts his right hand to take hold of uke's pulse myaku-mochi no den . Tori steps forward on his left leg, raises his hands as if lifting a sword heavenward, and gt after planting his left foot, turns 180 degrees,...

Tenchinage

Tori steps forward with his left leg and immediately executes aiki-age with his right hand and aiki-sage with his left hand. Tori takes a wide step to the rear of uke, and brings both his hands together to complete the throw. If uke's grip is very strong and it is difficult to execute aiki-age, apply the yin-yang movement in'yo no den . First turn the palm upward yin to neutralize uke's power, and then turn the palm downward yang while raising the arm, to guide...

Theory

Chinkon Mudra

HE CONCEPT OF AIKI harmonized energy , central to both the Daitoryu and Aikido, is extremely ancient. Clear reference to the techniques of aiki can be found in the eighth-ccntury Kojiki, Japan's earliest chronicle, which includes the tale of Take-mi-kazuchi-no-kami and Take-mi-nakata-no-kami. These two Shinto deities were both known for their tremendous strength, and eventually the inevitable contest between them occurred. When Take-mi-nakata grabbed the wrist of Take-mi-kazuchi,...

Aiki jumon and the Eight Direction Throw

Tachi Dori

T have organized aiki techniques into ten different dimensions jiimon . Here I would like to discuss two of the principal dimensions aiki-age also called fire-dragon movement and aiki-sage water-dragon movement . My approach to the Daitoryu incorporates the secret teaching of immovable movement fudd no do . Immovable here refers to the idea of being firmly centered or securely grounded, a state in which it is possible to move all other elements. The term immovable can also mean being...

Ryoeridori mutenage

Aikido Basic Steps

Uke grabs ton s collar and applies a choke hold with both hands. Tori delivers atemi to uke a stomach with his right fist, pulls in his chin, and slides his head, from the left, in between tike s arms. Tori then twists his hips and steps forward forcefully with his left leg, throwing uke straight ahead. http www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

Tachidori ikkajo

Uke grabs tori s right wrist with his right hand, attempting to prevent tori from drawing his sword. Tori grabs h s wrist with his right hand, twists his hip slightly to the right, and drives uke s arm upward with his right hand while applying ate mi to tike s ribs with the sword pommel. Tori then pins uke s elbow with the sword grip and brings him to the ground.

Sodetori aikinage

Aikido Sodetori

Uke grabs iorfs right elbow and wrist from behind and attempts to pin tori s arm to his back. Tori rotates his hips 180 degrees to the right to face uke. Tori then raises his right arm in aiki-age, pushing against ukeys left wrist and controlling the left elbow, while sliding forward on his front leg to effect the throw. Ufo pins ton s right arm against his back Ufo pins ton s right arm against his back http www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

Sodetori makihiji

Aikido Uke

Uke grabs tori s, left sleeve with his right hand. Tori raises his arm in aiki-age and rotates his left hand-sword counterclockwise under uke s right elbow. Tori raises his hand-sword under uke s elbow, knocking him off balance, then pins uke s right arm tightly against his body.