Aiki jumon and the Eight Direction Throw

T have organized aiki techniques into ten different dimensions (jiimon). Here I would like to discuss two of the principal dimensions: aiki-age (also called "fire-dragon movement") and aiki-sage ("water-dragon movement").

My approach to the Daitoryu incorporates the secret teaching of "immovable movement" {fudd no do). "Immovable" here refers to the idea of being "firmly centered" or "securely grounded," a state in which it is possible to move all other elements. The term "immovable" can also mean being "unperturbed," or keeping oneself unmoved by external conditions and thus capable of handling any attack. But no matter how expertly a technique maybe explained, real understanding can come only from practical experience and direct instruction.

The secret of aiki-age is fudd daiji: keeping the thumbs as the immovable focal point, the wrists, arms, and shoulders are turned upward in a circular motion to make an opponent rise up on his toes, causing him to lose his balance. The secret of aiki-sage is fudd shoji: in this technique, the little fingers form the immovable center and the wrists, arms, and shoulders turn downward in a circular motion until the opponent's posture is broken.

Aiki Age Aiki Sage

Aiki-age: When uke grabs tons wrist, tori spreads his fingers so that his hand looks like a morning glory in full bloom. Keeping his thumb immobile, tori rotates his wrist and elbow upward, knocking uke off balance.

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Tachi Dori
Aiki-age {using fudd daiji). Aiki-sage (using fudo shojt).

A practical exercise based on these two principles is the "eight-direction-throw" (happo), also known as the "fire-dragon eight-direction throw" (karyii happo). Begin by placing yourself in the sitting position facing south—in the / Ching it states "Kings face the south," and Japanese shrines typically also face south—and have your standing opponent grab both hands:

  1. The first throw {karyii gotihd) is diagonally to the northeast, location of the "demon-gate" where events originate, according to Japanese popular belief. This throw also symbolizes the dispersal of evil.
  2. The second throw (karyii kertho) is diagonally to the northwest.
  3. The third throw {karyii sonho) is diagonally to the southeast.
  4. The fourth throw (karyii koriho) is diagonally to the southwest.
  5. The fifth throw (karyii kartho} is straight back to the north.
  6. The sixth throw (karyii riho) is straight to the south.
  7. The seventh throw (karyii shtrtho) is sideways to the east.
  8. The eighth throw {karyii daho) is sideways to the west

This technique can alternatively be performed with both partners standing and conclude with a pin, but this variation is part of a separate set of aiki techniques.

Karyu happo---

  1. Karyu gimho. 2. Karyu kenhd.
  2. Karyu gimho. 2. Karyu kenhd.
Karyu Happo

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Aikido Throws

Karyu happô

Koichi Tohei Breathing
7. Karyu shinho. 8. Karyu daho.
Aikido Throws
Ancient Philosophy Of Aikido

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